Birth Certificate Aadhaar will no longer be required for basic services starting on October 1, 2023, according to a significant change announced by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. These changes, prompted by the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Act of 2023, are intended to improve the effectiveness and openness of the provision of public services. The bill was approved by the Rajya Sabha in a voice vote on August 7, 2023, and the Lok Sabha on August 1, 2023.
Birth Certificate Aadhaar
The Central Government hereby appoints Birth Certificate Aadhaar the first day of October 2023, as the date on which the provisions of the said Act shall come into force, in accordance with the authority granted by sub-section (2) of section 1 of the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Act, 2023 (20 of 2023), the notification stated. The Act gives the Registrar General of India the authority to keep an official national registry of recorded births and deaths.
During the Monsoon Session that ended last month, both Houses of Parliament approved the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2023. For the creation of voter lists, the application process for a driver’s license, and appointments for government employment, only birth certificates are required. The Chief Registrars and Registrars, who are designated by the states for local area jurisdiction, would be required to send data on recorded Birth Certificates Aadhaar and deaths to the national database. At the state level, the Chief Registrar is responsible for maintaining a comparable database.
What does this mean of Act?
The new Act will give the Registrar General of India the authority to maintain a national database of births and deaths that will be shared by chief registrars (appointed by states) and registrars (appointed by states for local area jurisdiction), who are in charge of studying the demographic survey of the nation. At the state level, a comparable database will also be kept up to date.
The list has been enlarged to include biological parents for surrogacy births, adoptive parents for non-institutional adoptions, and the parent in cases of childbirth to a single parent or an unmarried mother as designated individuals. The Act states that, with the central government’s consent, the national database may be utilized for various purposes, such as population registers, electoral rolls, and ration cards.
How Birth Certificates Will Be Used?
- Admission to Educational Institutions: Your birth certificate will be required starting on October 1 for school and college applications.
- Driving License: Your birth certificate will be required documentation when you apply for a driver’s license.
- Voter List Preparation: The creation of voter lists will include birth certificates.
- Aadhaar Number: You will need to provide a copy of your birth certificate in order to get an Aadhaar number.
- Marriage Registration: Your birth certificate must be provided in order to register your marriage.
- Government Job Appointments: Your birth certificate will be important documentation if you want to get a job with the government.
Key Changes in the Act
- National Birth and Death Registry: Under the direction of the Registrar General of India, the Act creates a national registration for births and deaths. Similar databases will be kept up to date by Chief Registrars and Registrars at the state level.
- Reporting Requirements: In the past, only certain people, such as medical personnel, were tasked with the responsibility of reporting births and deaths. Now, adoptive parents for adoptions that do not take place in institutions, biological parents for births that take place via surrogacy, and single parents or moms who have never married are all included on the list.
- Sharing Data: Subject to the consent of the central government, this feature enables authorized agencies, such as population registers and electoral rolls, to access and share information from the national database. In a similar manner, state databases may be made accessible to state-authorized entities.
- Appeals Process: Within the first thirty days after obtaining the order, anybody who is dissatisfied with the action or order of a registrar or district registrar has the right to appeal their case to the appropriate chief registrar or district registrar. Following the filing of an appeal, either the district registrar or the chief registrar is required to provide a decision within ninety days.
- During the Monsoon Session, the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2023 was approved by both the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha, which are the two chambers of Parliament.
- On August 7, 2023, the Rajya Sabha gave the bill its blessing, while on August 1, 2023, the Lok Sabha did the same thing.